Brief on hallucinogens, stimulants and narcotics
During the late 1990s, the predicted 3% of pregnant ladies used unauthorized drugs in early gestation, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pregnancy complications and poor fetal outcomes are common in these women. However, drug abuse may not be solely responsible for these adverse outcomes; other contributing factors in this population include a lack of prenatal care, violence, and sexually transmitted diseases. Breast-feeding is contraindicated with all of the following agents:Marijuana This drug disrupts neurodevelopment, but there is no evidence that it is a structural teratogen. Exposure in utero can cause fetal growth retardation and subtle, long-lasting neurobehavioral abnormalities related to effects in the prefrontal cortical regions of the brain. Marijuana also has been linked to transient irritability, tremors, and an exaggerated startle reflex in neonates, but after this early period, there is little evidence of adverse neurobehavior in children followed up to age 3 years. In studies of older children up to 12 years of age, however, exposure in utero, especially if heavy and/or long term, is associated with inattention, hyperactivity, increased impulsivity and delinquency, and deficits in short-term memory tasks and problem solving.