Cocaine is one of the most commonly abused illicit drugs in the world. It is an addictive stimulant drug that can be snorted, smoked or dissolved in water and injected into the body. The cocaine base that comes in a rock crystal and is heated to produce vapors is what is referred to as crack cocaine, which is named after the crackling sound it produces when being heated. Undoubtedly, crack cocaine abuse needs immediate drug addiction treatment. But what are the available treatment options for this kind of addiction?
Crack cocaine can be injected or smoked. Injecting is the process that uses a needle in order to release the drug directly to the bloodstream; whereas smoking involves inhaling vapor or smoke into the lungs. Injecting and smoking are both dangerous ways to use drugs and these practices can really lead to addiction and increased risks of contracting infectious diseases.
Addiction Treatment Rehabilitation Programs
There are many rehabilitation programs that offer addiction treatment specific to crack cocaine abuse. Crack cocaine abuse is a very threatening disorder. It can cause various serious health effects to the body. Cocaine constricts blood vessels, dilates pupils, increases body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure. It can also cause headaches and gastrointestinal complications such as abdominal pain and nausea. Regular use of crack cocaine results in problems with swallowing and hoarseness. Cocaine ingestion causes severe damage to the bowel and largely increases risks of acquiring HIV and other blood-borne diseases. Incessant use of crack cocaine leads to irritability, restlessness, anxiety and paranoia. Individuals with crack cocaine addiction problems are also at risk of developing full-blown paranoid psychosis.
Addiction Rehabilitation Centers
Addiction rehabilitation centers have developed therapy programs to alleviate severe cravings and obsessions about crack cocaine. Drug addiction experts are also continuing their search for medications that will counteract triggers of relapse.