There are several approaches used in drug rehab programs currently. Here are a few of them:
Relapse Prevention Therapy
In relapse prevention therapy, addicts learn to maintain their self-control skills by recognizing and modifying problem behavior. Specific techniques include weighing the positive and negative consequences of continued drug use, self-monitoring in order to identify high-risk situations for use and developing methods used for coping with or avoiding those situations.
Motivational Enhancement Therapy
For addicts that are ambivalent towards treatment for their addiction, this approach aims to quickly motivate addicts into quitting their drug use. The motivational enhancement therapy consists of an initial assessment session, followed by three to four individual treatment sessions with a professional therapist. The first session attempts to elicit self-motivational statements and a plan for change that includes suggested strategies for coping with high-risk situations. In subsequent meetings, the therapist will monitor change, review abstinence strategies that are being used and continue to encourage commitment to change or sustained abstinence. Addicts are sometimes also encouraged to bring a significant other to these sessions.
Supportive Expressive Therapy
Designed to help addicts feel comfortable in relating their personal experiences and to identify and work through their interpersonal relationship conflicts, supportive expressive therapy allows addicts to explore new ways in which to solve these problem feelings and behaviors without falling back on previous addictive behaviors.
Individualized Drug Counseling
Helps addicts develop coping skills and other strategies, to quit abusing drugs and achieve total abstinence. Twelve-step participation is encouraged, along with other services that address other problem issues, such as employment status, illegal activity and family/social relationships. Counseling sessions are usually scheduled one to two times a week.