Instructions for Persons Suffering from Anorexia
Anorexia is a serious health hazard that causes damages to almost all organs in the body and may cause permanent damages. Due to heart failure and kidney failure it may even cause death. People suffering from anorexia desperately need help. They cannot get well all by themselves. They may evade attempts at diagnosis and treatment, contending that there is nothing wrong with them and that they do not eat primarily because it is a lifestyle choice. However, it is not them doing the talking, the anorexia is. When this disease affects a person, it gradually takes control over the person's life until it gains full command. People with anorexia may require a multidisciplinary treatment, which includes primary health care, nutritional maintenance and psychological help. If the sufferer is extremely malnourished, is experiencing medical complications, showing signs of psychiatric problems or relentlessly refuses to eat, the clinician attending the case may recommend hospitalization on either a medical or a psychiatric ward. Primary medical care is required to monitor the person's overall state of health on a regular basis. A dietician or nutritionist may likewise be rendered invaluable in the speedy recovery of the individual by helping the patient improve his dietary intake. When the patient has been given a clean bill of health and is declared physically stable, psychotherapy can then be provided. Psychotherapy can help sort out the person's problems, which may have led to the development of the eating disorder. Cognitive behavioral therapy is widely used in these cases. A patient can benefit immensely from both individual and family or marital therapies. Integrating family or marital therapy in the treatment greatly reduces the probability of relapses since it addresses interpersonal issues, which may have contributed to the development of the problem. It also equips family members with the techniques to deal with complications or difficulties which may arise during or after the course of the treatment.