Traumatic Stress Disorder An Introduction
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in short PTSD, is a psychological syndrome. It was first recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 1980 (American Psychiatric Association). The literature on traumatic anxiety covers a wide range of varying circumstances and experiences. The effects of these experiences, whether from natural disasters or events of human creation, war, terrorism or single acts of violence against one person are often determined by the individual's capacity to cope with stress. This in turn is a function of each person's early developmental experiences with trust, constancy and mastery. Traumatic abuse, sexual or otherwise, in the first years of human life not only effects the child in the moment, but has a more lasting effect on the ongoing development of the defense system itself.