Treatment for Crystal Methamphetamine (Meth) Addiction
Body’s neurochemical mechanisms that are liable for flexible and regulating appetite, heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, blood pressure, attention, mood and automatic responses such as alertness or alarm is affected by Meth an enormously powerful stimulant that works within the central nervous system. Methamphetamine causes the norempinephrine transporter and the dopamine transporter to switch their direction of flow. This switch causes a release of these transmitters from the vesicles to the cytoplasm and from the cytoplasm to the synapse, causing increased stimulation of post-synaptic receptors. In addition, Meth indirectly prevents the reuptake of these neurotransmitters; causing them to remain in the synaptic cleft. it is neurotoxic in overdose. Because the "high" that methamphetamine gives is intense and can last from eight to 24 hours, it has replaced cocaine, heroin, and marijuana as the drug of choice in many areas. Known on the street as "speed," "meth," "ice," and "crystal," it can be injected, smoked, snorted, or swallowed. During an interview with Dr. David McDowell, M.D.,(medical director of the Substance Treatment and Research Service at Columbia University at the New York State Psychiatric Institute)states, "The timing and intensity of the ‘rush’ are a result of the release of high levels of dopamine in the brain. Methods that cause methamphetamine to pass into the brain more quickly—smoking or injecting—are more reinforcing and more addiction."